Bibliography

Here you can find a list of various scholarly works dealing with the reception of Icelandic medieval literature in a) North America and b) Europe, as well as a list of c) works in the field of medievalism.

A. American Reception

  • Anderson, Rasmus B. America Not Discovered by Columbus: A Historical Sketch of the Discovery of America by the Norsemen in the Tenth Century. Chicago: S.C. Griggs and Company, 1874.
  • Anti-Defamation League. Hate on Display: Hate Symbol Database. 2018. https://www.adl.org/education-and-resources/resource-knowledge-base/hate-symbols?page=1
  • Arnold, Matthew. Thor: Myth to Marvel. London and New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2011.
  • Ashby, Steven P., and John Schofield. “Hold the Heathen Hammer High: Representation, Re-Enactment, and the Construction of ‘Pagan’ Heritage.” International Journal of Heritage Studies (2014): 1-19.
  • Åsgard, Erik. Janusansiktet: Amerikansk Populism I Historisk Belysning. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 1994.
  • Barnes, Geraldine. “The Fireside Vikings and the Boy’s Own Vinland.” In Reinventing the Middle Ages and the Renaissance: Constructions of the Medieval and Early Modern Periods, edited by William F. Gentrup, 147-65. Turnhout: Brepols, 1998.
  • Barnes, Geraldine. “The Lost (Christian) Colony of Vinland.” In Treasures of the Elder TongueL: the proceedings of the symposium to celebrate the golden jubilee of Old Norse at the University of Melbourne, 14 May 1994, edited by Katrina Burge, 127-36. Melbourne: Dept. of Germanic and Russian Studies, University of Melbourne, 1995.
  • Barnes, Geraldine. “Nostalgia, Medievalism, and the Vinland Voyages.” postmedieval; a journal of medieval cultural studies 2, no. 2 (2011): 141-154.
  • Barnes, Geraldine. “Reinventing Paradise: 1000-1992.” In Old Studies in The New World, edited by Geraldine Barnes, Margaret Clunies Ross, and Judy Quinn, 19-32. Sydney: Department of English, University of Sydney, 2006.
  • Barnes, Geraldine. Viking America. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2001.
  • Barnes, Geraldine. “Vinland the Good: Paradise Lost?” Parergon 12 (1995): 75-96.
  • Bennett, Judith M. “Medievalism and Feminism.” Speculum 68, no. 2 (April 1993): 309-331.
  • Benson, Adolph B. “The Beginning of American Interest in Scandinavian Literature.” Scandinavian Studies and Notes 8, no. 5 (February 1925): 133-141.
  • Benson, Adolph B. “Henry Wheaton’s Writings on Scandinavia.” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 29 (1930): 546-561.
  • Benson, Adolph B. “Scandinavians in the Works of Washington Irving.” Scandinavian Studies and Notes 9 (1926): 207-223.
  • Bergersen, Robert. Vinland Bibliography: Writings Relating to the Norse in Greenland and America.Tromsø: Universitetsbiblioteket i Tromsø, 1997.
  • Bernau, Anke and Bettina Bildhauer, eds. Medieval Film. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009.
  • Bishop, Chris. Medievalist Comics and the American Century. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2016.
  • Blegen, Theodore. The Kensington Rune Stone: New Light on an Old Riddle. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1968.
  • Blaagaard, Bolette B. “Relocating Whiteness in Nordic Media Discourse.” In Rethinking Nordic Colonialism, edited by Kuratorisk Aktion, 1-24. Helsinki: Nordic Institute for Contemporary Art, 2006.
  • Bond, Sarah E. “Hold My Mead: A Bibliography For Historians Hitting Back At White Supremacy.” History from Below. 10 September 2017. https://sarahemilybond.com/2017/09/10/hold-my-mead-a-bibliography-for-historians-hitting-back-at-white-supremacy/
  • Brown, Marie A. The Icelandic Discoverers of America: Honor to Whom Honor is Due. Honolulu: University Press of the Pacific, 2014 (Reprinted from the 1890 edition).
  • Browne, John Ross. The Land of Thor. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1867.
  • Brøndal, Jørn. “‘The Fairest among the So-Called White Races’: Portrayals of Scandinavian Americans in the Filiopietistic and Nativist Literature of the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries.” Journal of Ethnic History 33, no. 3 (2014): 5–36.
  • “Carl Christian Rafn and the Ante-Columbian Era.” Round Table: A Saturday Review of Politics, Finance, Literature, Society 3.27 (1886): 145-147.
  • Carrol, Shiloh. “Race in A Song of Ice and Fire: Medievalism Posing as Authenticity.” The Public Medievalist, part 35 of Race, Racism and the Middle Ages. 28 November 2017. https://www.publicmedievalist.com/race-in-asoif/
  • Chan, J. Clara. “Medievalists, Recoiling From White Supremacy, Try to Diversify the Field.” The Chronicle of Higher Education. 16 July 2017. https://www.chronicle.com/article/Medievalists-Recoiling-From/240666
  • Clark, David and Carl Phelpstead, eds. Old Norse Made New: Essays on the post-medieval reception of Old Norse literature and culture. London: Viking Society for Northern Research, University College London, 2007.
  • Colker, Marvin L.“America Rediscovered in the Thirteenth Century?” Speculum 54 (1979): 712-726.
  • Darby, Seyward. “The Rise of the Valkyries: In the alt-right, women are the future, and the problem.” Harper’s Magazine. September 2017. https://harpers.org/archive/2017/09/the-rise-of-the-valkyries/
  • Dobratz, Betty A. “The Role of Religion in the Collective Identity of the White Racialist Movement.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40, no. 2 (2001): 287-301.
  • Dockray-Miller, Mary. “Old English Has a Serious Image Problem.” JSTOR Daily. 3 May 2017. https://daily.jstor.org/old-english-serious-image-problem/
  • Dockray-Miller, Mary. Public Medievalists, Racism, and Suffrage in the American Women’s College. The New Middle Ages. New York: Palgrave Pivot, 2017.
  • Dodge, Daniel Kilham. “Longfellow’s Scandinavian Translations.” Scandinavian Studies and Notes 6, no. 7 (Aug. 1921): 187-197.
  • Dorcy, Mary Jean. “Ave Maria, Save Us from Evil: A Viking Message on the Kensington Stone for Us in the Atomic Age.” Our Lady’s Digest 37, no. 2 (Fall 1983): 37-42.
  • Downham, Clare. “Vikings were never the pure-bred master race white supremacists like to portray.” The Conversation. 28 September 2017. http://theconversation.com/vikings-were-never-the-pure-bred-master-race-white-supremacists-like-to-portray-84455
  • Edwards, Catherine. “We can’t let racists re-define Viking culture.” The Local. 6 October 2017. https://www.thelocal.se/20171006/we-cant-let-racists-re-define-viking-culture-far-right-runes-swedish
  • Einar Haugen. Voyages to Vinland. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1942.
  • Elliot, Andrew B.R. “A Vile Love Affair: Right Wing Nationalism and the Middle Ages.” The Public Medievalist, Part 2 ofRace, Racism and the Middle Ages. 14 February 2017.  https://www.publicmedievalist.com/vile-love-affair/
  • Elliott, Andrew B.R. Remaking the Middle Ages: The Methods of Cinema and History in Portraying the Medieval World. Jefferson: McFarland, 2010.
  • Elliott, Andrew B.R. Medievalism, Politics and Mass Media: Appropriating the Middle Ages in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2017.
  • Elmquist, Kristin. “Myths of the Rune Stone: Viking Martyrs and the Birthplace of America.” Annals of Iowa 75, no. 4 (October 2016): 452-454.
  • Enterline, James Robert. Viking America: the Norse Crossings and their legacy. New York: Doubleday, 1972.
  • Falnes, Oscar J. “New England Interest in Scandinavian Culture and the Norsemen.” The New England Quarterly 10, no. 2 (June 1937): 211-242.
  • “The far right’s new fascination with the Middle Ages.” The Economist. 2 January 2017. https://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2017/01/medieval-memes
  • Finke, Laurie A. and Martin B. Shichtman. Cinematic Illuminations: the Middle Ages on Film. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2009.
  • Flax, Bill. “Forget Multiculturalism: Restore the Anglo-Saxon Philosophy of Liberty.” Forbes. 29 Sept. 2011. https://www.forbes.com/sites/billflax/2011/09/29/forget-multiculturalism-restore-the-anglo-saxon-philosophy-of-liberty/#ca6a039f81f3
  • Fleming, Robin. “Picturesque History and the Medieval in Nineteenth-Century America.” American Historical Review 100 (1995): 1080-1084.
  • Flowers, Stephen [Edred Thorsson]. “The Life of Guido von List.” In The Secrets of the Runes. Rochester: Destiny Books, 1988.
  • Frakes, Jerold C. “Vikings, Vínland, and the Discourse of Eurocentrism.” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 100, no. 2 (2001): 157–99.
  • Galloway, Andrew. “William Cullen Bryant’s American Antiquities: Medievalism, Miscegenation and Race in “The Prairies.” American Literary History 22, no. 4 (Winter 2010): 724-751.
  • Gardell, Matthias. Gods of Blood: The Pagan Revival and White Separatism. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2003.
  • Gardell, Mattias. “White Racist Religions in the United States: From Christian Identity to Wolf Age Pagans.” In Controversial New Religions, edited by James R. Lewis and Jesper Aagaard Peterson, 387-422. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
  • Giles, Paul. “Medieval American Literature: Emerson, Longfellow, and the Longue Durée.” REAL: The Yearbook of Research in English and American Literature 23 (2007): 113-132.
  • Gísli Sigurðsson. “An Introduction to the Vinland Sagas.” In Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga, edited by William W. Fitzhugh and Elisabeth I. Ward, 218-219. Washington and New York: Smithsonian Institution Press in association with the National Museum of Natural History, 2000.
  • Gísli Sigurðsson. “The Quest for Vinland in Saga Scholarship.” In Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga, edited by William W. Fitzhugh and Elisabeth I. Ward, 232-237. Washington and New York: Smithsonian Institution Press in association with the National Museum of Natural History, 2000.
  • Gräslund, Anne-Sofie. “How Did the Norsemen in Greenland See Themselves? Some Reflections on ‘Viking Identity.’” Journal of the North Atlantic 2, no. 2 (2009): 131–37.
  • Grydehøj, Adam. “Ethnicity and the Origins of Local Identity in Shetland, UK – Part II: Picts, Vikings, Fairies, Finns, and Aryans.” Journal of Marine and Island Cultures 2, no. 1 (2013): 39–48.
  • Hannabuss, Stuart. “Ballantyne’s message of empire.” In Imperialism and juvenile literature, edited by Jeffrey Richards, 53-71. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 1989.
  • Harland, James M. “’Race’ in the Trenches: Anglo-Saxons, Ethnicity, and the Misuse of the Medieval Past.” The Public Medievalist, part 3 of Race, Racism and the Middle Ages. 17 February 2017. https://www.publicmedievalist.com/race-in-the-trenches/
  • Harty, Kevin J., ed. The Vikings on Film: Essays on Depictions of the Nordic Middle Ages. Jefferson, North Carolina and London: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2011.
  • Haydock, Nickolas. Movie Medievalism: The Imaginary Middle Ages. Jefferson: McFarland, 1999.
  • Hazlett, John D. “Literary Nationalism and Ambivalence in Washington Irving’s The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus. American Literature 55 (1983): 560-75.
  • Headley, Janet A. “Anne Whitney’s ‘Leif Eriksson’: A Brahmin Response to Christopher Columbus.” American Art 17, no. 2 (2003): 41-59.
  • Heng, Geraldine. “The Invention of Race in the European Middle Ages 1: Race Studies, Modernity, and the Middle Ages.” Literature Compass 8, no. 5 (2011): 258–74.
  • Heng, Geraldine. “The Invention of Race in the European Middle Ages II: Locations of Medieval Race.” Literature Compass 8, no. 5 (2011): 332–350.
  • Herbermann, Charles G. The History of Ancient Vinland by Thormod Tofason. Translated from the Latin. New York: J.G. Shea, 1891.
  • Hermann Pálsson. “Vinland Revisited.” Northern Studies: The Journal of the Scottish Society for Northern Studies, 35 (2000): 11-38.
  • Hertz, Johannes. “The Newport Tower.” Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga, edited by William W. Fitzhugh and Elisabeth I. Ward, 316. Washington and New York: Smithsonian Institution Press in association with the National Museum of Natural History, 2000.
  • Hilen, Andrew. Longfellow and Scandinavia. A Study of the Poet’s Relationship with the Northern Languages and Literature. Yale Studies in English 107. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1947.
  • Hilen, Andrew. “Longfellow and Scandinavia Revisited.” Papers Presented at the Longfellow Commemorative Conference, April 1-3, 1982. (Longfellow National Historic Site, 1982): 1-12.
  • Hinrichs, Eric. 500 Years of Viking Presence in America. Maitland: Xulon Press, 2014.
  • Hiscoe, David W. “Whitman’s Use of the Middle Ages.” American Literature 51, no. 4 (Jan. 1980): 477-492.
  • Hofmann, Kerstin P. “With víkingr into the Identity Trap: When Historiographical Actors Get a Life of Their Own.” Medieval Worlds. Comparative & Interdisciplinary Studies 4: The Genetic Challenge to Medieval History and Archaeology (2016): 91-122.
  • Holand, Hjalmar R. Norse Discoveries and Explorations in America 982-1362: Leif Erickson to the Keningston Stone. 1940. New York: Dover, 1969.
  • Holsinger, Bruce. Neomedievalism, Neoconservatism, and the War on Terror. Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Press, 2007.
  • Horsman, Reginald. Race and Manifest Destiny. The Origins of American Racial Anglo-Saxonism. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.
  • Hovgaard, William. The Voyages of the Norsemen to America. New York: The American-Scandinavian Foundation, 1914.
  • Howard, Leon. Victorian Knight-Errant: A Study of the Early Literary Career of James Russell Lowell. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1952.
  • Hughey, Michael W. and Michael G. Michlovic. “’Making’ History: The Vikings in the American Heartland.” International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society 2, no. 3 (Spring 1989): 338-360.
  • Inga Dóra Björnsdóttir. “Leifr Eiriksson vsersus Christopher Columbus: The Use of Leif Eriksson in American Political and Cultural Discourse.” In Approaches to Vínland: A Conference on the Written and Archaeological Sources for the Norse Settlements in the North-Atlantic Region and Exploration of America, edited by Andrew Wawn and Þórunn Sigurðardóttir, 220-226. Sigurdur Nordal Institute Studies, Vol. 4. Reykjavík: Sigurdur Nordal Institute, 2001.
  • Jennings, Margaret. “Medieval themes in Modern British and American literature.” The European Legacy: Toward New Paradigms 1, Issue 3: Fourth International Conference of the International Society for the Study of European Ideas (1996): 1140-1145.
  • Johnston, Andrew James, Margitta Rouse, and Phillip Hinz, eds. The Medieval Motion Picture: The Politics of Adaption. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.
  • Jón Karl Helgason. Echoes of Valhalla: The Afterlife of the Eddas and Sagas. London: Reakiton Books, 2017.
  • Jón Karl Helgason. The Rewriting of Njáls Saga: Translation, Politics and Icelandic Sagas. Topics in Translation 16. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters LTD, 1999.
  •  Kaufman, Amy S. “Anxious Medievalism: An American Romance.” In The Year’s Work in Medievalism 22: 2008, edited by M.J. Toswell, 6-13, Studies in Medievalism. Eugene: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2009.
  • Kaufman, Amy. “Muscular Medievalism.” The Year’s Work in Medievalism 31 (2016): 56-66.
  • Kaufman, Amy S. “The Birth of a National Disgrace: Medievalism and the KKK,” part of Race, Racism and the Middle Ages, The Public Medievalist. 21 November 2017. https://www.publicmedievalist.com/birth-national-disgrace/
  • Keller, Larry. “White Supremacist Running Odinist Network From Maximum-Security Prison.” Southern Poverty Law Center. N.p., 20 Mar. 2009.
  • Kenney, Alice P. “Yankees in Camelot: The Democratization of Chivalry in James Russell Lowell, Mark Twain, and Edwin Arlington Robinson.” Studies in Medievalism 1, no. 2 (Spring 1982): 73-78.
  • Kenney, Alice P. “The Necessity of Invention: Medievalism in America.” Literary Review: An International Journal of Contemporary Writing 23 (1980): 559-575.
  • Kim, Dorothy. “Medieval Studies Since Charlottesville.” Inside Higher Ed. 30 August 2018. https://www.insidehighered.com/views/2018/08/30/scholar-describes-being-conditionally-accepted-medieval-studies-opinion?utm_source=Inside+Higher+Ed&utm_campaign=93c620dc08-DNU_COPY_02&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_1fcbc04421-93c620dc08-199585637&mc_cid=93c620dc08&mc_eid=f3bd26ceb3
  • Kim, Dorothy. “Teaching Medieval Studies at a time of White Supremacy.” In the Middle. 28 August 2017. http://www.inthemedievalmiddle.com/2017/08/teaching-medieval-studies-in-time-of.html
  •  Klaassen, Frank. “Learning and Masculinity in Manuscripts of Ritual Magic of the Later Middle Ages and Renaissance.” The Sixteenth Century Journal 38, no. 1 (Spring 2007): 49-76.
  • Kliger, Samuel. “Emerson and the Usable Anglo-Saxon Past.” Journal of the History of Ideas 16, no. 4 (1955): 476-493.
  • Kolodny, Annette. “Gudrid Thorbjorndottir: First Foremother of the American Empire.” In Women’s Narratives of the Early Americas and the Formation of the Empire, edited by Mary McAleer Baulkun and Susan C. Imbarrato, 9-32. London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2016.
  • Kolodny, Annette. In Search of First Contact: The Vikings of Vinland, the Peoples of Dawnland, and the Anglo-American Anxiety of Discovery. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2012.
  • Kolodny, Annette. “When the East was West: Vinland in the American Imaginary.” In Before the West was West: Critical Essays on Pre-1800 Literature of the American Frontier, edited by Amy T. Hamilton and Tom J. Hillard, 53-79. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2014.
  • Krause-Loner, Shawn. “Scar-lip, Sky-walker and Mischief-monger: the Norse god Loki as Trickster.” Unpublished Dissertation (Scholarly access). Oxford: Miami University. 2003.
  • Krueger, David M. Myths of the Rune Stone: Viking Martyrs and the Birthplace of America. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2015.
  • Krueger, David. “Vikings Red with Blood and Dead: White Martyrs and the Conquest of the American Frontier.” Claremont Journal of Religion 1, no. 1 (2012): 159-174.
  • Lavezzo, Kathy. “Leslie Fiedler’s Medieval America.” American Literary History 22, no. 4 (November 2010): 867-887.
  • Leland, Charles Godfrey. “The Edda among the Algonquin Indians.” Atlantic Monthly 54.322 (1884): 222-234.
  • Livingstone, Josephine. “Racism, Medievalism, and the White Supremacists of Charlottesville.”New Republic. 15 August 2017. https://newrepublic.com/article/144320/racism-medievalism-white-supremacists-charlottesville
  • Locascio, Lisa. “Swedes, Mormons, and Impossible Bodies: Scandinavian Whiteness in the American West.” Scandinavian Studies 89, no. 2 (Summer 2017): 200-216.
  • Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth. “A review of the fifth edition of Tegnér’s poem, and a German and English translation.” The North American Review 45 (1837): 149-183.
  • Lovoll, Odd S. The Promise of America: A History of the Norwegian-American People. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.
  • Lunde, A. & A.O. Lunde. Nordic Exposures: Scandinavian Identities in Classical Hollywood Cinema. (New Directions in Scandinavian Studies). Seattle: University of Washington, 2010.
  • Lyle, Cornelius. “America Discovers Vinland: Scholarly Controversy in the Period 1830-1850.” Swedish Pioneer Historical Society Quarterly 19 (July 1968): 174-193.
  • Lyons, Sarah. “Racists are Threatening to Take Over Paganism: The growing presence of racists in American Pagan communities threatens to tear the faith apart.” Vice. 2 April 2018 https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/59kq93/racists-are-threatening-to-take-over-paganism?utm_campaign=sharebutton
  • MacLean, J.P. A Critical Examination of the Evidences Adduced to Establish the Theory of the Norse Discovery of America. Chicago: American Antiquarian Office, 1892.
  • MacLean, J.P. “Pre-Columbian Discovery of America. III—The Sagas and America.” American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal 16, no. 3 (1892): 139-154.
  • MacLean, J.P. “Pre-Columbian Discovery of America. IV—Norse Remains in America.” American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal 14, no. 4 (1892): 189-199.
  • Mancini, J.M. “Discovering America.” Critical Inquiry 28, no. 4 (Summer 2002): 868-907.
  • Marshall, David W, ed. Mass-Market Medieval: Essays on the Middle Ages in Popular Culture. Jefferson: McFarland & Co., Publishers, 2007.
  • Martyn-Hemphill, Richard and Henrik Pryser Libell. “Who Owns the Vikigns? Pagans, Neo-Nazis and Advertisers Tussle Over Symbols.” The New York Times. 17 March 2018. Online. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/17/world/europe/vikings-sweden-paganism-neonazis.html
  • “Marvel Studios Declares War on Norse Mythology.” Council of Conservative Citizens, 25 Nov. 2011.
  • McFarland, Melanie. “How do we learn to stop worrying and keep loving ‘Vikings’?” Salon. 26 November 2016. https://www.salon.com/2016/11/26/how-do-we-learn-to-stop-worrying-and-keep-loving-vikings/
  • McGhee, Robert. “Contact Between Native North Americans and the Medieval Norse: A Review of the Evidence.” American Antiquity 49 (1984): 4-26.
  • McManis, Douglas R. “The Traditions of Vinland.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 59, no. 4 (December 1969): 797-814.
  • McNallen, Stephen. “Asafolk and American Indians—Solving the ‘Wannabe Problem.’” Runestone 13 (1995).
  • McNallen, Stephen. “Listen to the Mothers: Wisdom from the Disir.” Runestone  16/17 (1996).
  • McNallen, Stephen. “What Would Odin Say about Gun Control?” Runestone 26 (1996).
  • Medievalists of Color, eds. “On Race and Medieval Studies.” In the Middle. 1 August 2017. http://www.inthemedievalmiddle.com/2017/08/on-race-and-medieval-studies.html?m=1
  • Mees, Bernard. “Germanische Sturmflut: From the Old Norse Twilight to the Fascist New Dawn.” Studia Neophilologica 78 (2006): 184–98.
  • Merrill, William Stetson. “The Catholic Contribution to the History of the Norse Discovery of America.” The Catholic Historical Review 13, no. 4 (1928): 589-619.
  • Merrill, William Stetson. “The Vinland Problem Through Four Centuries.” The Catholic Historical Review 21 (1936): 21-48.
  • Mills, Rud A. The Call of Our Ancient Nordic Religion. Reprint. Union Bay, B.C.: Wodanesdag Press, 1957.
  • Moldenhauer, Joseph J. “Pym, the Dighton Rock, and the Matter of Vinland.” In Poe’s Pym: Critical Explorations, edited by Richard Kopley, 75-95. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1992.
  • Moreland, Kim. The Medievalist Impulse in American Literature: Twain, Adams, Fitzgerald and Hemmingway. Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, 1996.
  • Nordby, Conrad Hjalmar. The Influence of Old Norse Literature upon English Literature. New York: The Columbia University Press, 1901.
  • O’Dongohue, Heather. From Asagard to Valhalla: The Remarkable History of Norse Myths. London and New York: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 2007.
  • O’Donoghue, Heather. “From Runic Inscriptions to Runic Gymnastics.” In Old Norse Made New: Essays on the Post-Medieval Reception of Old Norse Literature and Culture, edited by David Clark and Carl Phelpstead, 101-118. University College London: The Viking Society for Northern Research, 2007.
  • Odes, Daniel, Stephen Loring, and William W. Fitzhugh. “Skraeling: First Peoples of Helluland, Markland and Vinland.” Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga, edited by William W. Fitzhugh and Elisabeth I. Ward, 193-205. Washington and New York: Smithsonian Institution press in association with the National Museum of Natural History, 2000.
  • “Odinism—Religion of the New Age.” Odinist92 (1985).
  • “Odinism—Religion of Relevance.” Odinist 82 (1984).
  • “Odinism and Racial Politics.” Odinist91 (1985).
  • Onion, Rebecca. “The Nazis Were Obsessed with Magic.” Slate. 24 August 2017.  http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/history/2017/08/an_interview_with_historian_eric_kurlander_about_his_book_hitler_s_monsters.html
  • Painter, Nell Irvin. “Ralph Waldo Emerson’s Saxons.” The Journal of American History 95, no. 4 (March 2009): 977-985.
  • Perry, David. “How Can We Untangle White Supremacy From Medieval Studies? A conversation with Australian scholar Helen Young.” Pacific Standard. 9 October 2017. https://psmag.com/education/untangling-white-supremacy-from-medieval-studies
  • Perry, David. “What to do when Nazis are obsessed with your field.” Pacific Standard. 6 September 2017. https://psmag.com/education/nazis-love-taylor-swift-and-also-the-crusades
  •  Perry, David. “White supremacists love Vikings. But they’ve got their history all Wrong.” Washington Post. 31 May 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2017/05/31/whie-supremacists-love-vikings-but-theyve-got-history-all-wrong/?utm_term=.6c179d6860f4
  • Peters, Mark. “The Norse gods’ unlikely comeback.” The Boston Globe. 4 November 2017. https://www.bostonglobe.com/ideas/2017/11/04/the-norse-gods-unlikely-comeback/8w8mYFuWedi4qPEzjxBBsI/story.html
  • Rafn, Carl Christian. America Discovered in the Tenth Century. New York: W. Jackson, 1838.
  • Rafn, Carl Christian. Antiquitates Americanæ sive Scriptores Septentrionales Rerum Ante-Columbianarum in America. Samling af de i Nordens Oldskrifter indeholdte Efterretninger om de gamle Nordboers Opdagelsereisier til America fra det 10de til det 14de Aarhundrede. Edidit Societas Regia Antiquariorum Septentrionalium. Copenhagen, 1837.
  • Rafn, Carl Christian, Thomas H. Webb, and John M’Caul. Supplement to the Antiquitates Americanæ. Copenhagen: Secretary’s Office of the Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries, 1841.
  • “Ragnarok in North America.” Fenris Wolf 4 (1998).
  • Reiersgord, Thomas E. The Kensington Rune Stone: Its Place it History. St. Paul: Pogo Press, 2001.
  • Rodríguez, J. Javier.  “The U.S.-Mexican War in James Russell Lowell’s The Biglow Papers.” Arizona Quarterly 63, no. 3 (2007): 1-32.
  • Rogers, Kyle. “Kennewick Man: Who He Is and Why He Matters.” Council of Conservative Citizens, 2003.
  • Rowe, John Carlos. “Nineteenth-Century United States Literary Culture and Transnationality.” PMLA 118, no. 1, Special Topic: America, the Idea, the Literature (Jan. 2003): 78-89.
  • Royberghs, Thomas. “Medevalism in Anglo-American Science Fiction Literature of 1950s and 1960s.” MA Thesis at Université Libre de Bruxelles, Faculté de Lettres, Traduction et Communication, 2016-2017.
  • Roylance, Patricia Jane. “Northmen and Native Americans: The Politics of Landscape in the Age of Longfellow.” The New England Quarterly 80, no. 3 (Sept. 2007): 435-458.
  • Samuel, Sigal. “What to do When Racists Try to Hijack Your Religion.” The Atlantic. 2 November 2017. https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/11/asatru-heathenry-racism/543864/
  • Schoolcraft, Henry. “The ante-Columbian history of America.” The American Biblical Repository (April 1839): 430-449.
  • Sherwin, Reider T. The Viking and the Red Man: The Old Norse Origin of the Algonquin Language. New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1940.
  • Shipley, Marie A. (née Brown) “The Missing Records of the Norse Discovery of America.” Congrès international de Américanistes, huitième session (Paris 1890). (Paris, 1892): 190-200.
  • Shipley, Marie A. (née Brown) The Norse Colonization of America by the light of the Vatican finds. Lucerne: H. Keller, 1899.
  • Sigurdson, Erika Ruth. “Violence and Historical Authenticity: Rape (and Pillage) in Popular Viking Fiction.” Scandinavian Studies 86, no. 3 (Fall 2014): 249-267.
  • Sindbaek, Søren M. “All in the Same Boat: The Vikings as European and Global Heritage.” Heritage Reinvents Europe: Proceedings of the Internationale Conference Ename, Belgium, 17-19 March 2011. Ed. D Callebaut, Jan Mařík, and Jana Maříková-Kubková. (Belgium: Europae Archaeologiae Consilium, 2013): 81–88.
  • Skinner, Trish. “Medieval Violence against Women in the Modern State: a prequel to the JWH paper.” – The Stafford Lecture, delivered 9 April 2013, Richmond, VA.
  • SPLC. “The New Barbarians. New Brand of Odinist Religion on the March.” Intelligence Report 89 (Winter 1998).
  • SPLC. “Pagans and Prisons.” Intelligence Report 97 (Winter 2000).
  • Steel, Karl. “Bad Heritage: The American Viking Fantasy, from the Nineteenth Century to Now.” Presentation at Nature-Culture-Ecologies: Heritage in a Transcultural Context Symposium, Rostock University, Germany, 12 September 2014.
  • Sturtvant, Paul B. “Leaving Medieval Charlottesville.” The Public Medievalist, part 29 of Race, Racism and the Middle Ages. 17 August 2017. https://www.publicmedievalist.com/leaving-medieval-charlottesville/
  • Sutherland, Patricia D. “The Norse and Native North Americans.” Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga, edited by William W. Fitzhugh and Elisabeth I. Ward, 238-247. Washington and New York: Smithsonian Institution press in association with the National Museum of Natural History, 2000.
  • Thomas, David Hurst. Skull Wars: Kennewick Man, Archaeology, and the Battle for Native Identity. New York: Basic Books, 2000.
  • Thorsson, Edred [Stephen Flowers]. “Rune Wisdom and Race.” In Green Rûna. Smithsville: Rûna-Raven Press, 1982.
  • Thorstenberg, Edward. “The Skeleton in Armour and the Frithiof Saga.” Modern Language Notes 25, no. 6 (1910): 189-192.
  • Thurin, Erik Ingvar. The American Discovery of the Norse: An Episode in Nineteenth-Century American Literature. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 1999.
  • Truitt, E. R. “Fantasy North.” Aeon. 15 February 2015. https://aeon.co/essays/what-lies-beneath-the-ice-of-our-fascination-with-the-north
  • Tveskov, Mark and Jon Erlandson. “Vikings, Vixens, and Valhalla: Hollywood Depictions of the Norse.” In Box Office Archaeology: Refining Hollywood’s Portrayals of the Past, edited by Julie M. Schablitsky, 34-50. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press, 2007.
  • Úlfar Bragason. “Rasmus B. Anderson and Vinland: mythbreaking and mythmaking.” In News from Other Worlds: Studies in Nordic Folklore, Mythology and Culture. In Honor of John F. Lindow, edited by Merrill Kaplan and Timothy R. Tangherlini, 134-153. Berkeley: North Pinhurst Press, 2012
  • Van Norden, Bryan William. “What’s With Nazis and Knights?” Huffington Post. Last updated 24 September 2017. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/whats-with-nazis-and-knights_us_59c0b469e4b082fd4205b98d?guccounter=1
  • Vastokas, Joan M. “The Peterborough Petroglyphs: Native or Norse?” In The Rock Art of Eastern North America, edited by Carol Diaz-Granados and James R. Duncan, 277-289. Birmingham: University of Alabama Press, 2004.
  • Verduin, Kathleen. “Medievalism and the Mind of Emerson.” In Medievalism in American Culture. Papers of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, edited by Bernard Rosenthal and Paul E. Szarmach, 129-150. Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, University of New York: Binghamton, 1989.
  • Verduin, Kathleen, ed. Medievalism in North America. Studies in Medievalism, vol. 6. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 1994.
  • Vinje, Judith Gabriel. “Viking symbols ‘stolen’ by racists.” Norwegian American. 2 November 2017. https://www.norwegianamerican.com/featured/viking-symbols-stolen-racists/
  • Wahlgren, Erik. The Kensington Stone: A Mystery Solved. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1958.
  • Wahlgren, Erik. The Vikings and America. London: Thames and Hudson, 1986.
  • Wallace, Birgitta Linderoth.  “The Vikings in North America: Myth and Reality.” In Social Approaches to Viking Studies, edited by Ross Samson, 207-219. Glasgow: Cruithne Press, 1991.
  • Wallace, Birgitta Linderoth, and William W. Fitzhugh. “Stumbles and Pitfalls in the Search for Viking America.” Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga, edited by William W. Fitzhugh and Elisabeth I. Ward, 374-384. Washington and New York: Smithsonian Institution press in association with the National Museum of Natural History, 2000.
  •  Ward, Elisabeth I. “Reflections on an Icon: Vikings in American Culture.” Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga, edited by William W. Fitzhugh and Elisabeth I. Ward, 365-373. Washington and New York: Smithsonian Institution press in association with the National Museum of Natural History, 2000.
  • Watts, Carl. “Nation, Ethnicity, and Canada in Laura Goodman Salverson’s The Viking Heart.” American Review of Canadian Studies 46, Issue 1. (May 2016): 107-121.
  • Wawn, Andrew, Graham Johnson, and John Walter, eds. Constructing Nations, Reconstructing Myth: Essays in Honour of T. A. Shippey. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2007.
  • Wawn, Andrew. “Victorian Vínland.” In Approaches to Vínland: A Conference on the Written and Archaeological Sources for the Norse Settlements in the North-Atlantic Region and Exploration of America, edited by Andrew Wawn and Þórunn Sigurðardóttir, 191-206. Sigurdur Nordal Institute Studies, Vol. 4. Reykjavík: Sigurdur Nordal Institute, 2001.
  • Weill, Kelly. “The Alt-Right is Taking Over Reinassance Fairs.” The Daily Beast. 27 July 2018. https://www.thedailybeast.com/the-alt-right-is-taking-over-renaissance-fairs
  • White, George LeRoy, Jr. Scandinavian Themes in American Fiction. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1937.
  • White, George LeRoy, Jr. “Longfellow’s Interest in Scandinavia during the years 1835-1847.” Scandinavian Studies 17 (1942): 70-82.
  • Wilkins, Kim. “’Ravished by Vikings’: The Pre-Modern and the Paranormal in Viking Romance Fiction.” Journal of Popular Romance Studies. 15 July 2016. http://jprstudies.org/2016/07/ravished-by-vikings-the-pre-modern-and-the-paranormal-in-viking-romance-fictionby-kim-wilkins/
  • Winthrop-Young, Geoffrey. “The Rise and Fall of Norse America: Vikings, Vínland and Alternate History.” Extrapolation 43, no. 2 (June 2002): 188-203.
  • Worley, Will. “Vikings were not Nazis, anti-racists tell Swedish white supremacist groups.” Independent. 7 October 2017. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/vikings-neo-nazis-anti-racists-swedish-nordic-resistance-movement-larp-a7987716.html
  • Wormuth, Francis D. “Return to the Middle Ages.”The Western Political Quarterly 2, no. 2 (June 1949): 193-207.
  • Young, Helen, ed. Fantasy and Science Fiction Medievalisms: From Isaac Asimov to ‘A Game of Thrones.’ Amherst: Cambria Press, 2015.
  • Young, Helen. “Game of Thrones’ Racism Problem.” The Public Medievalist, part 26 of Race, Racism and the Middle Ages. 21 July 2017. https://www.publicmedievalist.com/game-thrones-racism-problem/
  • Young, Helen. “Where Do the ‘White Middle Ages’ Come From?” The Public Medievalist, Part 9 of Race, Racism and the Middle Ages. 21 March 2017. https://www.publicmedievalist.com/white-middle-ages-come/
  • Young, Helen. “Whiteness and Time: The Once, Present, and Future Race.” Studies in Medievalism 24 (2015): 39–49.

B. British/European Reception

  • Alexander, Michael. Medievalism: The Middle Ages in Modern England. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.
  • Banham, Joanna, and Jennifer Harris, eds. William Morris and the Middle Ages: A Collection of Essays.Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1984.
  • Barczewski, Stephanie L. Myth and National Identity in Nineteenth Century Britain: The Legends of King Arthur and Robin Hood. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  • Beekman-Taylor, Paul. “Auden’s Icelandic Myth of Exile.” Journal of Modern Literature 24, no. 2 (Winter 2000-2001): 213-234.
  • Beekman-Taylor, Paul. Sharing Story: Medieval Norse-English Literary RelationshipsNew York: AMS Press, 1998.
  • Bennett, Phillippa. “Rediscovering the Topography of Wonder: Morris, Iceland and the Last Romances.” Journal of the William Morris Society 16:2-3 (2005): 31-48.
  • Beson, Adolph Burnett. The Old Norse Element in Swedish Romanticism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1914.
  • Blaagaard, Bolette B. “The Flipside of my Passport: Myths of Origin and Genealogy of White Supremacy in the Mediated Social Genetic Imaginary.” In Complying with Colonialism: Gender, Race and Ethnicity in the Nordic Region, edited by Suvi Keskinen, Salla Tuori, Sari Irni, and Diana Mulinari, 51-66. New York: Routledge, 2016.
  • Boos, Florence, ed. History and Community: Essays in Victorian Medievalism. New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1992.
  • Boos, Florence. “Morris’s Radical Revisions of the Laxdaela Saga.” Victorian Poetry 21 (Winter 1983): 415-20.
  • Broome, Saunders, Clare. Women Writers and Nineteenth-Century Medievalism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.
  • Burns, Marjorie. Perilous Realms: Norse and Celtic in Tolkien’s Middle-earth. Toronto University Press, 2005.
  • Bödl, Klaus. Der Mythos der Edda. Nordische Mythologie zwischen europäischer Aufkläurung und nationaler Romantik. Tübingen: Francke, 2000.
  • Campbell, Lori. “Where Medieval Romance Meets Victorian Reality: The “Woman Question” in William Morris’s “The Wood Beyond the World.” In Beyond Arthurian Romances: The Reach of Victorian Medievalism, edited by Loretta M. Holloway and Jennifer Al. Palmgren, 169-190. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
  • Carlyle, Thomas. On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic History. London: James Fraser, 1841.
  • Chandler, Alice. A Dream of Order: The Medieval Ideal in Nineteenth Century English Literature. London: Routledge, 1970.
  • Clunies Ross, Margaret. The Norse Muse in Britain 1750-1820. Trieste: Parnaso, 1998.
  • Clunies Ross, Margaret. “Percy and Mallet – The genesis of Northern Antiquities.”Sagnaþing helgað Jónasi Kristjánssyni sjötugum 10. April 1994, edited by Gísli Sigurðsson, Guðrún Kvaran, and Sigurgeir Steingrímsson, 107-17. Reykjavík: Hið íslenska bókmenntafélag, 1994
  • Collette, Carolyn P. “Hidden in Plain Sight: Religion and Medievalism in the British Women’s Suffrage Movement.” Religion and Literature 44, no. 3 (Autumn 2012): 169-175.
  • Cowan, Edward J. “Icelandic Studies in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Scotland.” Studia Islandica 31 (1972): 109-151.
  • Det norrøne og det nationale. Studier i brugen af Islands gamle litteratur i nationale sammenhæge i Norge, Sverige, Island, Storbritannien, Tyskland og Danmark. Ritstj. Annette larsen. Reykjavík: 2008.
  • Eddische Götter und Helden. Milieus und Medien ihrer Rezeption. Ritstj. Katja Schulz. Heildelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2011.
  • Ellison, Ruth C. “The Undying Glory of Dreams”: William Morris and the “Northland of Old.” Morris Online Edition.
  • Farley, Frank Edgar. Scandinavian Influences in the English Romantic Movement, Studies and Notes in Philology and Literature 9. Boston, 1903.
  • Finlay, Alison. “Thomas Gray’s Translations of Old Norse Poetry.” In Old Norse Made New. Essays on the Post-Medieval Reception of Old Norse Literature, edited by David Clark and Carl Phelpstead, 1-20. London: Viking Society for Northern Research, 2007.
  • Frith, Richard. “‘The Worship of Courage’: William Morris’s Sigurd the Volsung and Victorian Medievalism.” In Beyond Arthurian Romances: The Reach of Victorian Medievalism, edited by Loretta M. Holloway and Jennifer Al. Palmgren, 117-132. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
  • Frye, Northrop. “The Meeting of Past and Future in William Morris.” Studies in Romanticism 21, no. 3 (Fall 1982), 303-31.
  • George, J. A. “From King Arthur to Sidonia the Sorceress: The Dual Nature of Pre-Raphaelite Medievalism.” In Victorian Gothic: Literary and Cultural Manifestations in the Nineteenth Century, edited by Ruth Robbins and Julian Wolfreys, 90-108. New York: Palgrave, 2000.
  • Goebel, Stefan. The Great War and Medieval Memory: War Remembrance and Medievalism in Britain and Germany, 1914-1940. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  • Greenway, John L. The Golden Horns: Mythic Imagination and the Nordic Past. Athens, 1977.
  • Groom, Nick, Joanne Parker and Corinna Wagner, eds. The Oxford Handbook to Victorian Medievalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.
  • Harty, Kevin J., ed. Cinema Arthuriana: Essays on Arthurian Film. New York: Garland, 1991.
  • Harty, Kevin J.The Reel Middle Ages: Films About Medieval Europe. Jefferson: McFarland, 1999.
  • Hoare, Dorothy M. The Works of Morris and Yeats in Relation to Early Saga Literature. Originally published 1937: Reprint Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  • Hollow, John, Ed. The After-Summer Seed: Reconsiderations of Morris’s Sigurd the Volsung. Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania: William Morris Society US, 1977.
  • Holloway, Lorretta M. and Palmgren, Jennifer A., eds. Beyond Arthurian Romances: The Reach of Victorian Medievalism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. Print.
  • Jann, Rosemary. “Democratic Myths in Victorian Medievalism.” Browning Institute Studies: An Annual of Victorian Literary and Cultural History 8 (1980): 129-149.
  • Jón Karl Helgason. Hetjan og höfundurinn. Reykjavík: Heimskringla, 1998.
  • Jón Karl Helgason. Höfundar Njálu. Reykjavík: Heimskringla, 2001.
  • Lind, John Howard. “Populismens triumph – Vikingerne en nationalromantisk fiktion (The Triump of Populism – the Vikings, a National Romantic Fiction.” Arkæologisk Forum 36 (2017): 11-15.
  • Litzenberg, Karl. The Victorians and the Vikings: A Bibliographical Essay on Anglo-Norse Literary Relations, University of Michigan Contributions in Modern Philology 3, 1947.
  • Mallett, Paul Henri. Northern Antiquities: or, A Description of the Manners, Customs, Religion, and Laws, of the Ancient Danes. Trans. Thomas Percy. London: Carnan, 1770.
  • Mees, Bernard. “Germanische Sturmflut: From the Old Norse Twilight to the Fascist New Dawn.” Studia Neophilologica 78, Issue 2. (March 2008): 184-198.
  • Meredith, Emily. “Iceland and William Morris: In Search of the Whole.”The After-Summer Seed: Reconsiderations of Morris’s Sigurd the Volsung. Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania: William Morris Society US, 1977.
  • Mjöberg, Jöran. Drömmen om Sagatiden. 2 bindi. Stockholm, 1968.
  • Mortensen, Peter. “’The Descent of Odin’: Wordsworth, Scott and Southey Among the Norsemen.” Romanticism6, Issue 2. (July 2000): 211-233.
  • Percy, Thomas. Northern Antiquities: or, a Description of the Manners, Customs, Religion, and Laws of the Ancient Danes, And other Northern Nations,2 Vols. London, 1770.
  • Quinn, Judy, and Margaret Clunies Ross. “The Image of Norse Poetry and Myth in Seventeenth-Century England.” In Northern Antiquity. The Post Medieval Reception of Edda and Saga, edited by Andrew Wawn, 189-210. Middlesex: Hisarlik Press, 1994.
  • Quinn, Judy and M.A. Cipolla, eds. Studies in the Transmission and Reception of Old Norse Literature: The Hyperborean Muse in European Culture. Turnhout: Brepols, 2016.
  • Roberts, Helene E. “Victorian Medievalism: Revival or Masquerade?” Browning Institute Studies: An Annual of Victorian Literary and Cultural History 8 (1980): 11-44.
  • „Sang an Aegir“. Nordische Mythen um 1900. Ritstj. Katja Schulz og Florian Heesch. Heidelberg: 2009.
  • Schnurbein, Stefanie von. Norse Revival: Transformations of German Neopaganism. Leiden: Koninkijke Brill NV, 2016.
  • Shippey, T. A. “The Undeveloped Image: Anglo-Saxon in Popular Consciousness from Turner to Tolkien.” Literary Appropriations of the Anglo-Saxons from the Thirteenth to the Twentieth Century, ed. Donald Scragg and Carole Weinberg, 215-36. (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2000).
  • Sveinn Yngvi Egilsson. Arftur og umbylting. Rannsókn á íslenskri rómantík. Reykjavík: ReykjavíkurAkademían og Hið íslenska bókmenntafélag, 1999.
  • Townend, Matthew. “Victorian Medievalisms.” In The Oxford Handbook to Victorian Poetry, edited by Matthew Bevis, 166-183. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.
  • Townend, Matthew. The Vikings and Victorian Lakeland: The Norse Medievalism of W.G. Collingwood and His Contemporaries. Kendal: Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, 2009.
  • Ugolnik, Anthony. “The Victorian Skald: Old Icelandic and the Evolution of William Morris’s Sigurd the Volsung.” The William Morris Archive.
  • Von Seek, Klaus. Deutsche Germanen-Ideologie. Von Humanismus bis zur Gegenwart. Frankfurt: 1970.
  • Varty, Anne. “Carlyle and Odin.” In Anglo-Scandinavian Cross Currents, edited by Inga-Stina Ewbank, Olav Lausund, and Bjorn Tysdahl, 60-70. Norwich: Norvik Press, 1999.
  •  Wawn, Andrew. “Samuel Laing, Heimskringla and the Berserker School.” In Anglo-Scandinavian Cross Currents, edited by Inga-Stina Ewbank, Olav Lausund, and Bjorn Tysdahl, 29-59. Norwich: Norvik Press, 1999.
  •  Wawn, Andrew. “Stalwart Frith-thjof in Victorian Britain.” In Northern Antiquity: The Post-Medieval Reception of Edda and Saga, edited by Andrew Wawn, 211-254. Middlesex: Hisarlik Press, 1994.
  • Wellington Smith, Troy. “From Enthusiasm to Irony: Kierkegaard’s Reception of Norse Mythology and Literature.” Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 23, no. 1 (July 2018): 223-246.
  • Zernack, Julia. “A Key Work for the Reception History of Norse Mythology and Poetry: Paul Henri Mallet’s History of the Danish Empireand its European Impact.” In The Pre-Christian Religions of the North: Research and Reception, Volume I: From the Middle Ages to c. 1830, edited by Margaret Clunies Ross. Turnhout: Brepols, 2017.

C. General Medievalism

  • Alamichel, Marie-Francoise, and Derek Brewer, eds. The Middle Ages After the Middle Ages. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 1997.
  • Bernau, Anke and Bettina Bildhauer, eds. Medieval Film. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009.
  • Barnhouse, Rebecca. Recasting the Past: The Middle Ages in young Adult Literature. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook, 2000.
  • Biddick, Kathleen. The Shock of Medievalism. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998.
  • Bloch, Howard and Nichols, Stephen, eds. Medievalism and the Modernist Temper. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.
  • Brownlee, Mariana S., Kevin Brownlee and Stephen G. Nichols, eds. The New Medievalism. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1991.
  • Calderón, Maria José Gomez. “Romanticizing the Dark Ages: The Viking Hero in Sentimental Narrative.” Boletín Millares Carlo 26 (2007): 287-297.
  • Cantor, Norman F. Inventing the Middle Ages. New York: William Morrow, 1991.
  • D’Arcens, Louise, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Medievalism. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 2016.
  • Driver, Martha W. and Sid Ray, eds. The Medieval Hero on Screen: Representations from Beowulf to Buffy. Jefferson and London: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2004.
  • Eco, Umberto. “Chosmos: The Return of the Middle Ages.” In States of Mind: Dialogues with Contemporary Thinkers on the European Mind, edited by Richard Kearney. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995.
  • Emery, Elizabeth and Richard Utz. Medievalism: Key Critical Terms. Cambridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2014.
  • Feldman, Burton and Richardson, Robert J. Jr. The Rise of Modern Mythology, 1680-1860Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000.
  • Finke, Laurie and Martin B. Shichtman. “The Romance of Medievalism.” In Medieval Literature: Criticism and Debates, edited by Holly A. Crocker and D. Vance Smith, 295-303. London and New York: Routledge, 2014.
  • Ganim, John M. Medievalism and Orientalism: Three Essays on Literature, Architecture, and Cultural Identity. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
  • Geary, Patrick J. and Gabor Klaniczay, eds. Manufacturing Middle Ages: Entangled History of Medievalism in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Leiden: Brill, 2013.
  • Gentrup, W.F., ed. Reinventing the Middle Ages and the Renaissance: Constructions of the Medieval and Early Modern Periods. Turnhout: Brepols, 1998.
  • Gibson, Marion. Imagining the Pagan Past: Gods and Goddesses in Literature and History since the Dark Ages. New York: Routledge, 2013.
  • Haines, John. Music in Films on the Middle Ages: Authenticity Vs. Fantasy. New York: Routledge, 2014.
  • Heng, Geraldine. Empire of Magic: Medieval Romance and the Politics of Cultural Fantasy. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.
  • Kears, Carl and James Paz, eds. Medieval Science Fiction. London: King’s Collge London, Centre for Late Antique & Medieval Studies, 2016.
  • Matthews, David. Medievalism: A Critical History. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2015.
  • Pagès, Meriem and Karolyn Kinane, eds. The Middle Ages on Television: Critical Essays. Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2015.
  • Patterson, Serina. “Women, Queerness, and Massive Chalice: Medievalism in Participatory Culture.” Studies in Medievalism 24 (2015): 63-74.
  • Pugh, Tison and Angela Jane Weisl, eds. Medievalisms: Making the Past in the Present. Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2013.
  • Pugh, Tison and Angela Jane Weisl. “Movie Medievalism: Five (of Six) Ways ov Viewing an Anachronism.” In Medieval Literature: Criticism and Debates, edited by Holly A. Crocker and D. Vance Smith, 285-294. London and New York: Routledge, 2014.
  • Ramey, Lynn T. and Tyson Pugh, eds. Race, Class, and Gender in “Medieval” Cinema. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2007.
  • Robinson, C., & Clements, P. “Living with Neomedievalism.” Studies in Medievalism XVIII: Defining Medievalism(s) II, Edited by K. Fugelso, 55-75. Boydell & Brewer, 2009
  • Robinson, Carol L. Neo-medievalism in the Media. Essays on Film, Television, and Electronic Games. New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 2012.
  • Simmons, Clare A., ed. Medievalism and the Quest for the “Real” Middle Ages. London and Portland: Frank Cass and Co., 2001.
  • Stock, Brian. “The Middle Ages as Subject and Object: Romantic Attitudes and Academic Medievalism.” New Literary History 5, no. 3, History and Criticism: 1 (Spring 1974): 527-547.
  • Trigg, Stephanie. “Medievalism and Convergence Culture: Researching the Middle Ages for Fiction and Film.” Parergon 25, no. 2 (2008): 99-118.
  • Utz, Richard. “Resistance to the (New) Medievalism? Comparative Deliberations on (National) Philology, Mediävalismus and Mittelalter-Rezeption in Germany.” In The Future of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance: Problems, Trends, and Opportunities for Research, edited by Roger Dahood, 151-170. Turnhout: Brepols, 1993.
  • Weisl, A. The Persistence of Medievalism. The New Middle Ages. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
  • Williams, David. “Medieval Movies.” The Yearbook of English Studies 20. Literature in the Modern Media: Radio, Film, and Television Special Number (1990): 1-32.
  • Workman, Leslie J. “Medievalism and Romanticism.” Poetica 39-40 (1994): 1-34.
  • Young, Helen, ed. The Middle Ages in Popular Culture: Medievalism and Genre. Amherst: Cambria Press, 2015.
  • Zumthor, Paul. Speaking of the Middle Ages. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 1986.
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